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Supreme Court Reviewing Jalan-Kalrock's Jet Airways Revival Plan

Supreme Court Reviewing Jalan-Kalrock's Jet Airways Revival Plan

Introduction and Background of the Case

Jet Airways, once a prominent player in India's aviation sector, faced a protracted financial crisis that led to its grounding. In a significant development, the Supreme Court of India has decided to scrutinize the resolution plan put forth by the Jalan-Kalrock consortium (JKC) for the revival of Jet Airways, this week’s Wednesday 6th September 2023. This case study delves into the intricacies of this situation, including the role of stakeholders, legal proceedings, and the future prospects of the beleaguered airline.

Jet Airways (India) Ltd., a renowned airline in India, faced insurmountable financial difficulties that ultimately resulted in its suspension of operations. Amidst this crisis, the Jalan-Kalrock Consortium expressed interest in acquiring and resurrecting the airline. Their resolution plan, a critical document outlining the revival strategy, became central to the Jet Airways saga.

All about the key players of the Case

Jalan-Kalrock Consortium: Comprising individuals Manoj Madnani and Murari Lal Jalan, this consortium submitted a resolution plan to acquire Jet Airways. Their plan aimed to breathe new life into the airline and restore its operations.

The Punjab National Bank: PNB emerged as a significant player in the Jet Airways insolvency case due to its substantial stake in the airline, amounting to 26%. PNB's claims against Jet Airways were a subject of contention and played a critical role in the restructuring process.

Ashish Chhawchharia as a Resolution Professional from Jet Airways: Appointed as the resolution professional for Jet Airways, Aashish Chhawchharia played a pivotal role in assessing and managing the airline's financial affairs during the insolvency proceedings.

Committee of Creditors: The committee of creditors comprised various financial stakeholders, including banks and financial institutions, who had a vested interest in the outcome of the resolution plan.

The Legal Proceedings

The National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT) entered the scene in October, making a significant ruling regarding PNB's claims against Jet Airways. Initially, the resolution professional had reduced PNB's claims from ₹956.11 crore to ₹752 crore as part of the airline's restructuring process. However, the NCLAT overturned this decision, increasing PNB's claims by ₹202 crore.

The critical aspect of the NCLAT's decision was the directive to the Jalan-Kalrock consortium to bear the burden of this additional sum from their reserve fund. Importantly, this directive aimed to ensure that the overall payout to financial creditors, including both assenting and dissenting stakeholders, remained undisturbed.

How and what were the major reasons behind the intervention of the Supreme Court of India?

The increasingly growing complex legal landscape has sought the Jalan-Kalrock consortium to go for a possible recourse in the Supreme Court of India. The apex court, led by Justice Sanjiv Khanna, decided to examine the consortium's resolution plan and the issues surrounding the NCLAT's ruling.

The Supreme Court requested that the consortium submit its resolution plan within a week, emphasizing the urgency of the matter. Furthermore, the court sought responses from Punjab National Bank, Jet Airways' resolution professional Aashish Chhawchharia, and the committee of creditors. This development signifies the highest level of legal scrutiny and involvement in the fate of Jet Airways.

Implications and Challenges arising out of the case-

The examination of JKC's resolution plan by the Supreme Court holds significant implications for Jet Airways and the broader aviation industry in India. Here are some key points to consider:

Understanding the Financial Complexity: The intricate nature of Jet Airways' financial affairs, involving multiple stakeholders with differing claims, adds layers of complexity to the resolution process. The Supreme Court's decision to review the plan is expected to bring greater clarity to the financial aspects of the revival.

Interests of Stakeholders: The interests of various stakeholders, including PNB, the committee of creditors, and the consortium, must be balanced in any resolution plan. The Supreme Court's involvement underscores the need for a fair and equitable solution.

Rescue and Revival- Jet Airways' potential revival holds promise for India's aviation sector, which has been significantly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. The airline's return could contribute to increased competition and choice for passengers.

The Legal Precedent: The case sets a legal precedent for insolvency and resolution proceedings in India, especially in the aviation industry. It highlights the importance of robust resolution plans and equitable distribution of funds.


The Supreme Court's decision to examine the Jalan-Kalrock consortium's resolution plan for Jet Airways marks a critical juncture in the airline's quest for revival. Jet Airways, once a dominant player in Indian aviation, now stands at the center of a complex legal and financial battle.

The outcome of this case will not only determine the fate of Jet Airways but also establish legal precedents for future insolvency cases in India. The involvement of multiple stakeholders, legal intricacies, and the imperative to balance competing interests make this a case of immense significance. As the Supreme Court delves into the details of the resolution plan, stakeholders across the aviation industry and beyond will be closely watching, hoping for a successful revival that could rekindle the legacy of Jet Airways in India's skies. Source-


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